Technical requirements and basic essentials of the

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Technical requirements and basic essentials of wood carving process

chiseling roughcast: roughcast is the foundation of the whole work. It summarizes all the modeling details in the idea with concise geometric shape. It requires to be hierarchical, dynamic, proportional, stable center of gravity, strong sense of integrity, and initially form a uniform outline of the outer and inner wheel of the work

the basic essentials of roughing are from top to bottom, from front to back, from outside to inside, from shallow to deep. From top to bottom, that is, from the head to the heels; From front to back, it is to chisel the front first, and then the back; From the outside to the inside, it starts from the surface of the wood and peels inward layer by layer; From shallow to deep, that is, dig the shallow place first, and then dig the deep place. When chiseling rough blanks, you should also pay attention to leaving room, like cutting clothes, you should appropriately relax. Folk jargon says well: if you stay fat, you can change it into small, but if you worry about the thin ridge, it is difficult to compound it "," the inner distance should be small rather than large, and remember that carving is subtraction "

digging fine blanks: first focus on the whole, adjust the proportion and various layouts, and then gradually implement and form the specific forms of characters and facial features, limbs, costumes, props, etc., leaving room for light repair. At this stage, the volume and lines of the work have become clearer, so the knife technique is required to be smooth and full of expressiveness. The hollowing technique in excavating fine billets requires hollowing out with a combination of longitudinal fibers to remove the excess part. Use the tendon method, that is, leave a small piece of material at the easily broken part of the work to make it attached to the adjacent part. After the work is completed, use the thin knife close piece method to remove the tendon attached

polishing: the purpose of polishing is to use the method of fine carving and thin knife close slice to remove the knife marks and gouges in the fine blank and make the surface of the work fine and perfect. It is required that the trace of the knife be clear and fine, either round or straight, and strive to show the details and texture of each part

grinding: according to the needs of some works, the white wood carving is rubbed and ground into fine and smooth with woodworking sandpaper of different thickness. It is required to use coarse sandpaper first, and then fine sandpaper. Polish it repeatedly along the direction of wood fiber until the knife marks and sand roads disappear, showing beautiful wood grains. Pay attention to keeping the outline of the work clear and smooth

carving hair and decorative lines: use a triangular knife to carve hair and decorative lines, which requires that the knife should be sharp, sure, uniform in thickness and meticulous

coloring and glazing: coloring is not only to make up for the deficiencies or defects of some materials, but also to strengthen and enrich the texture beauty of materials. 2: if oil leakage and formal beauty of works are found. Therefore, the coloring of the work should be determined according to the circumstances, and it is required to reflect the beauty of wood grain as much as possible. The color should be deep and bright, in line with the beauty of natural wood

the purpose of glazing is to moisten the wood, make the work shine on the brocade, and also play an antifouling role for long-term preservation. Because it has not passed the acceptance, it requires uniform penetration, bright and not vulgar

configure the base: the base is not only the support of the main body, but also an integral part of the carving shape. Therefore, it is required that the shape and scale of the base should complement the content and form of the work. Full of music and hydraulic style, generally have microcomputer control lines and lively works, which can be set off by a simple base, while works with simple or solemn shapes can be carved on the base. In short, we should pay attention to the proportion coordination between each other, pay attention to the mutual contrast in tone, and don't beat the guest to the main, put the cart before the horse. (end)

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